Did the European Court of Human Rights Just Outlaw “Massive Monitoring of Communications” in Europe?
As the Center for Democracy & Technology (CDT), a British NGO states, over the past two years, a trio of high-profile cases before the European Court of Human Rights have become the focus of many activists’ hopes that the Court will effectively outlaw indiscriminate surveillance in Europe once and for all.
In all of these cases the court states that the governments involved had violated the right to respect for private life and correspondence, which is enshrined in Article 8 of the ECHR. Article 8 requires that any government interference with this right to privacy must meet two criteria. First, the interference must be done “in accordance with the law”: that is, the country’s own law, international law, and what the Court has described generally as the “rule of law.” Second, it must be “necessary in a democratic society” to achieve one of a limited set of purposes such as the protection of national security or the prevention of crime.
The Court found that a government may only intercept telephone communications where the body authorizing the surveillance has confirmed that there is a “reasonable suspicion” of wrongdoing on the part of “the person concerned.” This language, along with the Court’s statement that a surveillance authorization “must clearly identify a specific person … or a single set of premises” as the subject of the monitoring, seemed to set the stage for a ruling that UK-style society-wide surveillance programs such as Tempora are illegal under the ECHR.
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Kommentar: RE: 20160119 Europäischer Gerichtshof für Menschenrechte gegen Massenüberwachung
Es erstaunt mich immer wieder, dass die Rechtsprechung weitestgehend noch funktioniert.
Frank, 20.01.2016 06:53
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Created: 2016-01-19 09:03:15 Hits: 944
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